looking this good must be a crime.
aesthetic appreciation of vaguely lesbian things


Jul 27th | 12123

❝Johnnie Phelps, a woman sergeant in the army, thought, “There was a tolerance for lesbianism if they needed you. The battalion I was in was probably about ninety-seven percent lesbian.”
Sergeant Phelps worked for General Eisenhower. Four decades after Eisenhower had defeated the Axis powers, Phelps recalled an extraordinary event. One day, the general told her, “I’m giving you an order to ferret those lesbians out. We’re going to get rid of them.”
“I looked at him and then I looked at his secretary who was standing next to me, and I said, ‘Well, sir, if the general pleases, sir, I’ll be happy to do this investigation for you. But you have to know that the first name on the list will be mine.’ “
“And he was kind of taken aback a bit. And then this women standing next to me said, ‘Sir, if the General pleases, you must be aware that Sergeant Phelp’s name may be second, but mine will be first.”
“Then I looked at him, and said, ‘Sir, you’re right. They’re lesbians in the WAC battalion. And if the general is prepared to replace all the file clerks, all the section commanders, all the drivers-every woman in the WAC detachment-and there were about nine hundred and eighty something of us-then I’ll be happy to make that list. But I think the general should be aware that among those women are the most highly decorated women in the war. There have been no cases of illegal pregnancy. There have been no cases of AWOL. There have been no cases of misconduct. And as a matter of fact, every six months since we’ve been here, the general has awarded us a commendation for meritorious conduct.”
“And he said, ‘Forget the order.’”❞

The Gay Metropolis, page 47, Charles Kaiser (via bibliothekara)

Phelps tells this story herself in the excellent 1984 documentary Before Stonewall, which you can watch in its entirety on YouTube (she’s at 19:30, but really, watch the whole thing): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kX7AxQd82H8

(via theodoradove)

This makes me laugh every time I see it.

(via thegreatgodum)

12123 notes Jul 27 via olive-the-olive originally bibliothekara
tagged: ▫queer stuffhistory
Jul 4th | 432

on the fourth of july, remember that american independence was a land grab →

monetizeyourcat:

you hear this a lot, but what does it mean, specifically?

the pre-1776 americans who came from a sex, race, and class background that enabled them to participate in the conventional history of america sought to buy into aristocracy as a system of production. they were the…

432 notes Jul 4 via cosmicnarwhals originally monetizeyourcat
tagged: ▫historyamerican history
May 15th | 968

qbits:

historia-polski:

In 2011 Mówią Wieki, a Polish historical magazine announced a poll in which readers chose the most influential women in Poland’s history.  Among those chosen were monarchs, saints, actresses, writers, activists, scientists, and war heroes.  These ten women topped the list:

Maria Skłodowska-Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.  Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain major centres of medical research today. During World War I, she established the first military field radiological centres. (source) Read More

Elżbieta Zawacka (19 March 1909 – 10 January 2009), known also by her war-time nom de guerre Zo, was a Polish university professor, scouting instructor, SOE agent and a freedom fighter during World War II. She was also a Brigadier General of the Polish Army (the second and last woman in the history of the Polish Army to hold this rank), promoted by President Lech Kaczyński on May 3, 2006. The only woman among the Cichociemni, she served as a courier for the Home Army, carrying letters and other documents from Nazi-occupied Poland to the Polish government in exile and back. Her regular route ran from Warsaw through Berlin and Sweden to London. She was also responsible for organizing routes for other couriers of the Home Army. (source)

Irena Sendlerowa (15 February 1910 – 12 May 2008) was a Polish nurse/social worker who served in the Polish Underground during World War II, and as head of children’s section of Żegota, an underground resistance organization in German-occupied Warsaw. Assisted by some two dozen other Żegota members, Sendler smuggled some 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto and then provided them with false identity documents and with housing outside the Ghetto, saving those children during the Holocaust.  The Nazis eventually discovered her activities, tortured her, and sentenced her to death, but she managed to evade execution and survive the war. In 1965, Sendler was recognized by the State of Israel as Righteous among the Nations. Late in life she was awarded Poland’s highest honor for her wartime humanitarian efforts. She appears on a silver 2008 Polish commemorative coin honoring some of the Polish Righteous among the Nations. (source)

Urszula Ledóchowska (17 April 1865 – 29 May 1939) was a Polish Catholic Religious Sister, who founded the Congregation of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus. She was a member of the prominent Ledóchowski family. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church.  In Kraków she opened a home for female university students. At that time, that was a new phenomenon. With a special blessing of Pope Pius X, she went to St. Petersburg in Russia, where she worked to build up St. Catharine House, which was a residence for Roman Catholic Polish youth living there. She wore civil clothes, because Roman Catholic institutions were illegal in the Russian Empire. As the tsarist government oppression to Catholics grew, she moved to Russian-controlled Finland, where she translated prayers and songs for Finnish fishermen, who usually were Protestants. In 1914, she finally was expelled from the empire.  After then settling in Stockholm, Sweden, Ledóchowska started a language school and a domestic science school for girls. In Denmark, she founded an orphanage. In 1920, she moved back to Poland with 40 other nuns who had joined her in her mission. With permission from Rome, she changed her independent monastery in Pniewy into the then newly founded Congregation of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus. In 1928 she founded a religious centre in Rome. In 1930 she sent 30 nuns to female Polish workers in France. (source)

Jadwiga Andegaweńska (1373/4 – 17 July 1399) was monarch of Poland from 1384 to her death. Her official title was ‘king' rather than 'queen', reflecting that she was a sovereign in her own right and not merely a royal consort. She was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou, the daughter of King Louis I of Hungary and Elizabeth of Bosnia.  In 1387, Jadwiga led two successful military expeditions to reclaim the province of Halych in Red Ruthenia, which had been retained by Hungary in a dynastic dispute at her accession. As she was an heiress to Louis I of Hungary herself, the expeditions were for the most part peaceful and resulted in Petru I of Moldavia paying homage to the Polish monarchs in September 1387.  In 1390 she began a correspondence with the Teutonic Knights, followed by personal meetings in which she opened diplomatic negotiations herself.  She sponsored writers and artists and donated much of her personal wealth, including her royal insignia, to charity, for purposes including the founding of hospitals.  She financed a scholarship for twenty Lithuanians to study at Charles University in Prague to help strengthen Christianity in their country, to which purpose she also founded a bishopric in Vilnius. Among her most notable cultural legacies was the restoration of the Kraków Academy, which in 1817 was renamed Jagiellonian University in honour of the Jadwiga and her husband, Władysław II Jagiełło. (source) Read More

Izabela Czartoryska (3 March 1746 – 15 July 1835) was a Polish aristocrat, writer, art collector, and founder of Poland’s first museum, the Czartoryski Museum in Kraków.  In 1775, together with her husband, Czartoryska completely transformed the Czartoryski Palace at Puławy into an intellectual and political meeting place. Her court was one of the most liberal and progressive in the Commonwealth, although some aspects of her behavior also caused scandals.  In 1784 she joined the Patriotic Party.  After the suppression of the Kościuszko Uprising, her sons Adam Jerzy and Konstanty Adam were taken as political hostages by Russia’s Empress Catherine II.  In 1796 Izabela ordered the rebuilding of the ruined palace at Puławy and began a museum. Among the first objects to be included were Turkish trophies that had been seized by Polish King Jan III Sobieski's forces at the 1683 Battle of Vienna. Also included were Polish royal treasures and historic Polish family heirlooms. In 1801 Izabela opened the first museum in Poland, the Temple of the Sibyl, also called “The Temple of Memory”. It contained objects of sentimental importance pertaining to the glories and miseries of human life. During the November Uprising in 1830, the museum was closed. Izabela's son Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, going into exile in Paris, evacuated the museum's surviving objects to the Hôtel Lambert. His son Władysław Czartoryski would reopen the museum in 1878 in Kraków, where it exists today. (source)

Pola Negri (December 31, 1896 – 1 August 1987) was a Polish stage and film actress who achieved worldwide fame during the silent and golden eras of Hollywood and European film for her tragedienne and femme fatale roles. She was the first European film star to be invited to Hollywood, and became one of the most popular actresses in American silent film. She also started several important women’s fashion trends that are still staples of the women’s fashion industry. Her varied career included work as an actress in theater and vaudeville; as a singer and recording artist; as an author; and as a ballerina. (source)

Bona Sforza (2 February 1494 - 19 November 1557) member of the powerful Milanese House of Sforza. In 1518, she became the second wife of Sigismund I the Old, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and became the Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania.  Almost from the beginning of her life in Poland, Queen Bona tried to gain a strong political position. She began to form her own cabal and also benefited from the support of the king. She was also supported by Piotr Kmita Sobieński, Andrew Ladislaus and Piotr Gamrat, taking them to her offices and creating the so-called Triumvirate. She managed to also get Pope Leo X to decide on the appointment of fifteen ecclesiastical benefice of very high importance (e.g. in Kraków, Gniezno, Poznań, Włoclawek and Frombork).  In foreign policy, she was a fierce opponent of the Habsburgs and a supporter of a closer alliance with France. In Hungary during the wars that took place after the Battle of Mohacs in 1526, supported by János Szapolyai against the Habsburgs. Bona also sought to maintain good relations with Sublime Porte and contacts with Roxelana, the most important wife of Suleyman the Magnificent. Bona was also a spokesperson for connecting Silesia to the Crown in return for her hereditary principality Bari and Rosano, but Sigismund the Old did not support the idea and the whole project collapsed. Bona managed to also carry out tax reforms in Lithuania and agricultural products (including uniform duties of the peasants and a unit of area measurements). (source) Read More

Maria Konopnicka (May 23, 1842 – October 8, 1910) was a Polish poet, novelist, writer for children and youth, a translator, journalist and critic, as well as an activist for women’s rights and Polish independence. She used the pseudonym Jan Sawa and others. She was one of the most important Polish poets of the positivism in Poland period.  In addition to being an active writer, she was also a social activist, organizing and participating in protest actions against the repression of ethnic (primarily Polish) and religious minorities in Prussia.  She was also involved with the women’s rights activism.  Konopnicka wrote prose (primarily short stories) as well as poems.  One of her most characteristic styles were poems stylized as folk songs.  She would try her hand at many genres of literature, such as reportage sketches, narrative memoirs, psychological portrait studies and others.  Common theme in her works included the oppression and poverty of the peasantry, the workers and the Polish Jews.  Her works were also highly patriotic and nationalistic.  Due to her sympathy for the Jewish people she was described as a philosemite.  One of her best known works is the long epic in six cantos, Mister Balcer in Brazil (Pan Balcer w Brazylii, 1910), on the Polish emigrants in Brazil.  Another one was Rota (Oath, 1908) which set to the music by Feliks Nowowiejski two years later became an unofficial anthem of Poland, particularly in the territories of the Prussian partition.  This patriotic poem was strongly critical of the Germanization policies and thus described as anti-German.  Her most famous children’s literature work is the 1896 O krasonoludkach i sierotce Marysi’ (Little Orphan Mary and the Gnomes). Her children literature works were well received, as compared to many other works of the period.  Maria Konopnicka also composed a poem about the execution of the Irish patriot, Robert Emmett. Emmett was executed by the British authorities in Dublin in 1803, but Konopnicka published her poem on the topic in 1908.  She was also a translator. Her translated works include Ada Negri’s Fatalita and Tempeste, published in Poland in 1901. (source)

Emilia Plater (13 November 1806 – 23 December 1831) was a Polish–Lithuanian noblewoman and revolutionary from the lands of the partitioned Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Raised in a patriotic Polish tradition, she fought in the November 1830 Uprising, during which she raised a small unit, participated in several engagements, and received the rank of captain in the Polish-Lithuanian insurgent forces. Near the end of the Uprising, she fell ill and died. Though she did not participate in any major engagement, her story became widely publicized and inspired a number of works of art and literature. She is a national heroine in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus, all formerly parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. She has been venerated by Polish artists and by the nation at large as a symbol of women fighting for the national cause. (source

ukontentowana I thought you might like this if you haven’t already seen it. : )

May 4th | 100

CLASSICAL HISTORIOGRAPHY FOR CHINESE HISTORY  →

asianhistory:

Speaking of Historiography, here’s an excellent Princeton based collection of references and bibliographies regarding Chinese History up to the Qing Dynasty.  

100 notes May 4 via asianhistory originally asianhistory
tagged: ▫historychinese history
Apr 12th | 1533

❝I am a friend, comrades, a friend!❞

Yuri Gagarin’s first words upon returning to earth, to a woman and a girl near where his capsule landed. (12 April 1961) The woman asked: “Can it be that you have come from outer space?” to which Gagarin replied: "As a matter of fact, I have!" (via asonlynasacan)

Reblogging again for today’s historical significance

(via asonlynasacan)

(Source: billionquotes.com)

1533 notes Apr 12 via cosmicnarwhals originally asonlynasacan
tagged: ▫historyspace
Jan 20th | 7934

sources for prepatriarchal persephone

auntiewitch:

"However, long before the mythical Hades was ever conceived, in more ancient, pre-patriarchal times, Persephone was Queen of the Underworld and was another form of Hecate. Originally, the Triple Goddess was represented by Kore, the virgin; Demeter, the mother preserver; and Hecate or Persephone, the destroyer. In later years, Kore and Persephone became the same Goddess. The pomegranate was an ancient symbol of female fertility; the souls of the underworld ate pomegranates so that they could be reborn. They are standing in front of a bas-relief of their reunion from Eleusis, Greece, early 5th century BCE and are holding Boetian figures used in the Demeter and Persephone rites from the mid 6th century BCE. Demeter’s ribbed seed necklace is from Kourion, 400-300 BCE; her earring is part of a pendant with 2 bees from Mallia, Middle Minoan, 1700-1550 BCE. Persephone’s pomegranate pendant is from Enkomi, Cyprus, 1400-1300 BCE; her earring is from Mycenae, 1550-1500 BCE; her bracelet from Thessaly, 8th century BCE.” (x)

"In another sense a process was completed that had been in motion since the dawn of the patriarchy. In the earliest representations of the story of Demeter and Persephone, only the Goddesses were present. As the patriarchy gained power, the story was changed. Persephone, instead of going of her own free will into the underworld, was abducted by the (now male) God of Death and became his captive bride. In the stories of Ishtar and Inanna, male “consorts” were introduced. In the legend of Isis, the Dying Goddess became the male Osiris.” (x)

The rape motif in the story underscores that the Hellenic takeover was a violent one that wrested power from women. In the words of Robert Graves, “It refers to male usurpation of the female agricultural mysteries in primitive times.”” (x)

Basically, if you can’t grasp that fact that Persephone’s rape was a patriarchal representation and installation of the Greek’s doing as a means to oppress Goddess worship and the matriarchy, wow, I don’t know even know what do for you.

Jan 5th | 450

❝In 1903, Japanese agricultural workers joined with their Mexican fellow workers in a strike against sugar-beet growers in Ventura County, California. After winning the strike, they organized a local union and applied to the American Federation of Labor for a charter. President Gompers [of the AFL] himself wrote back to J.M. Larraras, the local secretary, explaining that Federation policy prohibited issuance of charters to locals with Asian members. Larraras replied that the Mexicans would ‘stand by our Japanese brothers’ because the Asian immigrants also stood by them. Displaying far more class-consciousness than Gompers, Larraras continued: ‘We would be false to them, to ourselves, and to the cause of unionism if we now accepted privileges for ourselves which are not accorded to them.’❞

James Green, The World of the Worker: Labor in Twentieth-Century America

This book is such a magnificent read. It has so much useful information on people of color, immigrants, and women in labor unions and has really great information on wildcat strikes, general strikes, and the IWW.

(via marxvx)

450 notes Jan 5 via chestnut-podfic originally marxvx
tagged: ▫historybooksto read
Dec 18th | 146636

vintagegal:

Affectionate Ladies c. 1900s-1980s

146636 notes Dec 18 via amazonpoodle originally vintagegal
tagged: ▫queer stuffhistory
Dec 16th | 1909
1909 notes Dec 16 via moniquill originally medievalpoc
tagged: ▫historyinterestingracism
Dec 14th | 32992 wolvensnothere:

totallynotagentphilcoulson:

stormingtheivory:

ebvoice:

camembertlylegal:

annachronism:

dontcrosscross:

thegeekyblonde:

renkris:


I tell this story to everyone, ever since I heard it in a documentary on Art Nouveau. Stop fucking up pretty hats, you bastards!

every time i see this, my smile is renewed

I honestly do like fedoras ><

…It’s amazing what a tangential connection to Alphonse Mucha (who was Bernhardt’s official poster artist for many, many years and was one of the key intellectuals that she used to craft her image) can do for my opinion on a piece of clothing.
Incidentally, Bernhardt’s leg that was amputated? Apparently she had a funeral for it.  People act like modern pop stars stars are a totally new radical weird thing but man Fin-de-Siecle Europe was a wild, wild place.
And here’s some images of Bernhardt courtesy of Mucha:


Man, Medea always gets me. What a haunting image.
But damn look at her as the fucking Prince of Denmark. Nnf. 

I always get so pissed off at the whole co-opting of fedoras by the men’s rights movement because it wasn’t really until the fedora started going out of fashion that it became a men’s hat. Throughout its heyday of the first four decades of the 20th century it was pretty much always a unisex hat, as it was in the 1980s when it started to tentatively almost come back into fashion

I’ve told you before, I tell at least 40 students every semester, I’ll repost it every fucking time it comes up, until it Sinks In:MRA’s wearing fedoras and claiming them as “Men’s Hats” is one of the most succinct arguments I can give for feminism.

wolvensnothere:

totallynotagentphilcoulson:

stormingtheivory:

ebvoice:

camembertlylegal:

annachronism:

dontcrosscross:

thegeekyblonde:

renkris:

I tell this story to everyone, ever since I heard it in a documentary on Art Nouveau. Stop fucking up pretty hats, you bastards!

every time i see this, my smile is renewed

I honestly do like fedoras ><

…It’s amazing what a tangential connection to Alphonse Mucha (who was Bernhardt’s official poster artist for many, many years and was one of the key intellectuals that she used to craft her image) can do for my opinion on a piece of clothing.

Incidentally, Bernhardt’s leg that was amputated? Apparently she had a funeral for it.  People act like modern pop stars stars are a totally new radical weird thing but man Fin-de-Siecle Europe was a wild, wild place.

And here’s some images of Bernhardt courtesy of Mucha:

image

imageimage

Man, Medea always gets me. What a haunting image.

But damn look at her as the fucking Prince of Denmark. Nnf. 

I always get so pissed off at the whole co-opting of fedoras by the men’s rights movement because it wasn’t really until the fedora started going out of fashion that it became a men’s hat. Throughout its heyday of the first four decades of the 20th century it was pretty much always a unisex hat, as it was in the 1980s when it started to tentatively almost come back into fashion

I’ve told you before, I tell at least 40 students every semester, I’ll repost it every fucking time it comes up, until it Sinks In:

MRA’s wearing fedoras and claiming them as “Men’s Hats” is one of the most succinct arguments I can give for feminism.

Dec 11th | 106226

❝If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also❞

Matt 5:39

This specifically refers to a hand striking the side of a person’s face, tells quite a different story when placed in it’s proper historical context. In Jesus’s time, striking someone of a lower class ( a servant) with the back of the hand was used to assert authority and dominance. If the persecuted person “turned the other cheek,” the discipliner was faced with a dilemma. The left hand was used for unclean purposes, so a back-hand strike on the opposite cheek would not be performed. Another alternative would be a slap with the open hand as a challenge or to punch the person, but this was seen as a statement of equality. Thus, by turning the other cheek the persecuted was in effect putting an end to the behavior or if the slapping continued the person would lawfully be deemed equal and have to be released as a servant/slave.   

(via thefullnessofthefaith)

MOther FuCKeR

(via aintlifepeachy)

THAT makes a lot more sense, now, thank you. 

(via the-world-is-a-corner)

we’re doing this rn in theology class but im gonna be That Person and ask for a source because this sounds legit but if im gonna talk about this im gonna need to cite something

(via cisphobes)

ok found a few sources for this actually so Yes this seems like a solid reading of the quote

http://www.online-literature.com/forums/showthread.php?17076-quot-Turning-the-Other-Cheek-quot

http://www.ualberta.ca/~cbidwell/DCAS/third.htm (about a third of the way down)

I need someone to preach this. I’ll have to use it in some spoken word at church.

(via queennubian)

Jesus said slap that hoe back. 

(via babybutta)

Yay, sources! I heard this a while ago but didn’t have any evidence to go on. I’m so glad. That passage isn’t about being nice to your oppressors, turning the other cheek isn’t an act of passivity. It’s about turning the tables and taking back dignity. It’s about shaming those who would oppress. People don’t seem to get that Jesus wasn’t a ‘bear your yoke quietly’ kind of guy. He was an agitator and a radical, and these kind of readings inspire me so much to fight, not just people on the street but people in the church who would have us accept their toxic teachings and ask for more.

(via risingonthewingsofdawn)

Yeah, shit like this? Just proves how much those in power deliberately warp shit to their benefit. They twist any sort of resistance to the status quo to be utterly useless and then sneak it into everything as subtle propaganda. Like how “violence is never the answer” and “an eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind” are the twisted versions that deprive folks of justice. No revolution was truly 100% bloodless, tho history can be rewritten to erase that fact, or skew it to serve as fear-mongering bullshit.

(via autie-baeddel-cat)

Dec 5th | 26444 seriesofnonsequiturs:

medievalpoc:

lyricsja:

EUROPEANS TAUGHT FOR CENTURIES that Africa had no written history, literature or philosophy (claiming Egypt was other than African). When roughly 1 MILLION manuscripts were found in Timbuktu/Mali covering , according to Reuters “all the fields of human knowledge: law, the sciences, medicine,” IT DID NOT MAKE MAINSTREAM NEWS as did the lies taught by Europeans concerning Africa

Someone asked me to somehow “verify” that this story is real.
Of course it’s real! The PROBLEM with the coverage regarding these manuscripts is that they’re constantly portrayed as being in “danger” because many of them are still in the possession of Malian descendants. About 700,000 have been cataloged so far, and they have had to be moved in part because apparently extremist groups have tried to firebomb them. Many others are still in the possession of the families they have been passed down in.
Many of these collected manuscripts are being housed in exile, but mold and humidity have been a constant threat. They have been raising funds to try and preserve these manuscripts-you can read more about the project to house and protect them here.
A bit of the history of these manuscripts from National Geographic:

These sacred manuscripts covered an array of subjects: astronomy, medicine, mathematics, chemistry, judicial law, government, and Islamic conflict resolution. Islamic study during this period of human history, when the intellectual evolution had stalled in the rest of Europe was growing, evolving, and breaking new ground in the fields of science, mathematics, astronomy, law, and philosophy within the Muslim world.
By the 1300s the “Ambassadors of Peace” centered around the University of Timbuktu created roving scholastic campuses and religious schools of learning that traveled between the cities of Timbuktu, Gao, and Djénné, helping to serve as a model of peaceful governance throughout an often conflict-riddled tribal region.
 At its peak, over 25,000 students attended the University of Timbuktu. 
By the beginning of the 1600s with the Moroccan invasions from the north, however, the scholars of Timbuktu began to slowly drift away and study elsewhere. As a result, the city’s sacred manuscripts began to fall into disrepair. While Islamic teachings there continued for another 300 years, the biggest decline in scholastic study occurred with the French colonization of present-day Mali in the late 1890s. 

So yeah, basically the story of this collection’s source more or less ends with “…but unfortunately, colonialism”, as do most of the great cities of Africa, the Americas, and some parts of Asia.
Also, as an additional consideration:

With the pressures of poverty, a series of droughts, and a tribal Tureg rebellion in Mali that lasted over ten years, the manuscripts continue to disappear into the black market, where they are illegally sold to private and university collections in Europe and the United States. 

Notice where the blame is placed here via language use: on the people in poverty forced to sell their treasures, as opposed to the Universities in Europe and the U.S. buying them.
It’s really just another face of Neocolonialism.


I heard mention of Timbuktu when I sang in “Oliver” the musical. Then I never learned anything about it again. Shame on me and my educational system. Certainly going to be hitting up Wiki and following the links out tonight.

seriesofnonsequiturs:

medievalpoc:

lyricsja:

EUROPEANS TAUGHT FOR CENTURIES that Africa had no written history, literature or philosophy (claiming Egypt was other than African). When roughly 1 MILLION manuscripts were found in Timbuktu/Mali covering , according to Reuters “all the fields of human knowledge: law, the sciences, medicine,” IT DID NOT MAKE MAINSTREAM NEWS as did the lies taught by Europeans concerning Africa

Someone asked me to somehow “verify” that this story is real.

Of course it’s real! The PROBLEM with the coverage regarding these manuscripts is that they’re constantly portrayed as being in “danger” because many of them are still in the possession of Malian descendants. About 700,000 have been cataloged so far, and they have had to be moved in part because apparently extremist groups have tried to firebomb them. Many others are still in the possession of the families they have been passed down in.

Many of these collected manuscripts are being housed in exile, but mold and humidity have been a constant threat. They have been raising funds to try and preserve these manuscripts-you can read more about the project to house and protect them here.

A bit of the history of these manuscripts from National Geographic:

These sacred manuscripts covered an array of subjects: astronomy, medicine, mathematics, chemistry, judicial law, government, and Islamic conflict resolution. Islamic study during this period of human history, when the intellectual evolution had stalled in the rest of Europe was growing, evolving, and breaking new ground in the fields of science, mathematics, astronomy, law, and philosophy within the Muslim world.

By the 1300s the “Ambassadors of Peace” centered around the University of Timbuktu created roving scholastic campuses and religious schools of learning that traveled between the cities of Timbuktu, Gao, and Djénné, helping to serve as a model of peaceful governance throughout an often conflict-riddled tribal region.

At its peak, over 25,000 students attended the University of Timbuktu.

By the beginning of the 1600s with the Moroccan invasions from the north, however, the scholars of Timbuktu began to slowly drift away and study elsewhere. As a result, the city’s sacred manuscripts began to fall into disrepair. While Islamic teachings there continued for another 300 years, the biggest decline in scholastic study occurred with the French colonization of present-day Mali in the late 1890s.

So yeah, basically the story of this collection’s source more or less ends with “…but unfortunately, colonialism”, as do most of the great cities of Africa, the Americas, and some parts of Asia.

Also, as an additional consideration:

With the pressures of poverty, a series of droughts, and a tribal Tureg rebellion in Mali that lasted over ten years, the manuscripts continue to disappear into the black market, where they are illegally sold to private and university collections in Europe and the United States.

Notice where the blame is placed here via language use: on the people in poverty forced to sell their treasures, as opposed to the Universities in Europe and the U.S. buying them.

It’s really just another face of Neocolonialism.

I heard mention of Timbuktu when I sang in “Oliver” the musical. Then I never learned anything about it again. Shame on me and my educational system. Certainly going to be hitting up Wiki and following the links out tonight.

26444 notes Dec 5 via moniquill originally lyricsja
tagged: ▫Timbuktuliteraturecolonialismneocolonialismhistory
Dec 2nd | 1983

Enlightenment Thinkers Invented Anti-Black Racism, FYI →

reblogginhood:

medievalpoc:

blackraincloud:

medievalpoc:

tackedtothewall:

medievalpoc:

auroramere said:

I’ve fallen hard for Sleepy Hollow and the diversity is teaching me so much about my own racism. It’s about time white people got to look at a room with four black characters in it and say, “That’s funny… I’m not there.” Surprise!

Yes, apparently this is… [tumblr snipped]

I know a lot of people have been 
reacting to Sleepy Hollow, but I’m hoping it’s making even more people *think*.

I think one of the moments which could really be thought provoking if you let it is the “I see you’ve been emancipated” moment. I mean, bully for you Mr. Crane that you were a member of the AntiSlavery society, but that was no guarantee that he was going to treat Lt. Mills like a person (he did, but that’s his magical 21st century adaptability thing. or possible over exposure to certain Enlightenment thinkers).

Anyway, this show doesn’t always make me think about race, but it certainly has me thinking about teaching historical thinking (and thinking historically) to the public through pop culture.

"over exposure to certain Enlightenment thinkers"

Uhhhhh. I hope you mean the opposite of what you said, because The Enlightenment was basically when racism as we know it today was invented.

Enlightenment thinkers like Immanuel Kant:

The Negroes of Africa have by nature no feeling that rises above the trifling. Mr. [David] Hume challenges anyone to cite a single example in which a Negro has shown talents, and asserts that among the hundreds of thousands of blacks who are transported elsewhere from their countries, although many of them have even been set free, still not a single one was ever found who presented anything great in art or science or any other praiseworthy quality, even though among the whites some continually rise aloft from the lowest rabble and through superior gifts earn respect in the world. So fundamental is the difference between these two races of man.

Enlightenment thinker David Hume the “Abolitionist”:

I am apt to suspect the negroes and in general all other species of men (for there are four or five different kinds) to be naturally inferior to the whites. There never was a civilized nation of any other complexion than white, nor even any individual eminent either in action or speculation. No ingenious manufactures amongst them, no arts, no sciences…. [T]here are NEGROE slaves dispersed all over EUROPE, of which none ever discovered any symptoms of ingenuity; tho’ low people, without education, will start up amongst us, and distinguish themselves in every profession. In JAMAICA, indeed, they talk of one negroe as a man of parts and learning; but ‘tis likely he is admired for very slender accomplishments, like a parrot, who speaks a few words plainly.

Enlightenment thinker John Locke, who is responsible for codifying race-based chattel slavery into the United States Constitution:

Sir Leslie Stephan charged Locke with personal racism for inserting section CX: “Every freeman of Carolina shall have absolute power and authority over his negro slaves, of what opinion or religion soever.” There is some evidence to suggest that Locke did play a part in formulating the sections on religion — though it is possible this may have been at the bidding of Lord Ashley. […] David Armitage has shown that Locke was involved over the years in amending the Fundamental Constitutions of the Carolinas right up to the time at which he was writing the Two Treatises of Government, and while many articles of the Constitutions were removed at various times, this was not the case with the clause about negro slavery. Armitage implies that this shows not only that Locke agreed with the clause about negro slavery in the Fundamental Constitutions but that we should interpret the Second Treatise account of slavery as intended to justify the institutions and practices of Afro-American slavery.

Enlightenment thinker Thomas Jefferson:

Jefferson also dodged opportunities to undermine slavery or promote racial equality. As a state legislator he blocked consideration of a law that might have eventually ended slavery in the state.

As president he acquired the Louisiana Territory but did nothing to stop the spread of slavery into that vast “empire of liberty.” Jefferson told his neighbor Edward Coles not to emancipate his own slaves, because free blacks were “pests in society” who were “as incapable as children of taking care of themselves.” And while he wrote a friend that he sold slaves only as punishment or to unite families, he sold at least 85 humans in a 10-year period to raise cash to buy wine, art and other luxury goods.

Destroying families didn’t bother Jefferson, because he believed blacks lacked basic human emotions. “Their griefs are transient,” he wrote, and their love lacked “a tender delicate mixture of sentiment and sensation.”

Jefferson claimed he had “never seen an elementary trait of painting or sculpture” or poetry among blacks and argued that blacks’ ability to “reason” was “much inferior” to whites’, while “in imagination they are dull, tasteless, and anomalous.” He conceded that blacks were brave, but this was because of “a want of fore-thought, which prevents their seeing a danger till it be present.”

So, I can only assume that it’s a LACK of exposure to Enlightenment thinkers that presumably led to our fictional character Ichabod Crane, time traveling Apocalypse-Thwarter, to eschew the violent and virulent racism that was a product of his time.

CARL LINNAEUS!!!!! CARL LINNAEUS!!!! TAXONOMY AND SCIENCE STUDY OF “NATURE” ALL DEFINED “HUMANITY” AS “EVERYTHING THAT’S NOT NOR HAS ANYTHING TO DO WITH BLACK PEOPLE”

Yep. Pretty much all of them. It’s still fairly difficult really see a tangible difference between “science” and “scientific racism”. I do make that claim, and yes I can back it up.

Lightweight Version

Hardcore Version

Don’t forget Montesquieu’s highly influential and fundamentally racist theory of climatic influence on national character.

Nov 22nd | 3830

ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World →

medievalpoc:

kathleenbrook:

medievalpoc:

Spanning one-ninth of the earth’s circumference across three continents, the Roman Empire ruled a quarter of humanity through complex networks of political power, military domination and economic exchange. These extensive connections were sustained by premodern transportation and communication technologies that relied on energy generated by human and animal bodies, winds, and currents.

Conventional maps that represent this world as it appears from space signally fail to capture the severe environmental constraints that governed the flows of people, goods and information. Cost, rather than distance, is the principal determinant of connectivity.

For the first time, ORBIS allows us to express Roman communication costs in terms of both time and expense. By simulating movement along the principal routes of the Roman road network, the main navigable rivers, and hundreds of sea routes in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and coastal Atlantic, this interactive model reconstructs the duration and financial cost of travel in antiquity.

Taking account of seasonal variation and accommodating a wide range of modes and means of transport, ORBIS reveals the true shape of the Roman world and provides a unique resource for our understanding of premodern history.

Not gonna lie, this is kind of amazing.

Basically, you can plan a trip from Rome to Alexandria, and get an estimate of journey time, expense of trip, the supplies you’ll need….let’s just say it’s better than Oregon Trail:

image

image

image

image

This looks SO COOL!

IT REALLY IS!

Imagine the possibilities for this as a world-building tool, for example. Like, if I can travel 2686 km in 15 days? On a donkey and a boat and a carriage? Like, for fantasy or historical fiction writers? ZOMG!!!

Incidentally this sort of explodes a lot of myths about the realities of travel in the ancient world. It’s really interesting to consider the possibilities for travel as a mobility-disabled person during this time, too.

3830 notes Nov 22 via aintgotnoladytronblues originally medievalpoc
tagged: ▫referenceinfographicshistoryrome
Nov 1st | 813

The REAL 'Lone Ranger' Was An African American Lawman Who Lived With Native American Indians →

theprophetlilith:

If the Lone Ranger reboot was actually about THIS man, I would have gone to see it.

Unless they insisted on keeping Johnny Depp. Euw.

(Source: audscratprophetlilith)

813 notes Nov 1 via racebending originally audscratprophetlilith
tagged: ▫Whitewashingblackhistorylone rangertonto